Monday, July 15, 2019

How to get to grips with EFA planning this year

April 1, 2019 by  
Filed under Property

Greening rules remain largely unchanged for the 2019 scheme year – but double-funding restrictions may catch out some growers when planning their Ecological Focus Area (EFA).

Farmers are rightly starting to turn their minds to their 2019 Basic Payment Scheme claim following the opening of application window on 13 March, says farm consultant George Badger of Strutt & Parker.

“Not much has changed for the 2019 scheme year, but farmers should always consider whether there has been a change in their own situation which means they will need to alter their approach from previous years,” he says.

“Farmers with old Entry Level Stewardship/Higher Level Stewardship agreements were able to use relevant options in their ELS/HLS agreements to count towards their greening obligations without any changes to payments.

“But many of these agreements have come to an end, and where farmers have subsequently joined the Countryside Stewardship Scheme, they are affected by double-funding rules designed to avoid farmers being paid for carrying out the same activity on the same land parcel.”

Hedgerows

It was the case that some CSS options could be claimed as EFA and payments would be adjusted accordingly to avoid double-funding. But this has changed so you can no longer overlap CSS options with what is claimed as EFA.

One exception is hedgerows which can be used both as an EFA and a CSS option [BE3] as there is no overlap in management requirements. Farmers who extended a Higher Level Scheme (HLS) agreement beyond its initial 10-years are also affected by double-funding restrictions.

Hedges remain a good starting point for farmers as they start the process of calculating how best to meet their EFA obligation, says Mr Badger.

Hedges used as EFA must be located on, or within five metres of, arable land and of a continuous length of more than 20m. In terms of weighting, each side of the hedge is worth 5m2 per metre of hedge – so both sides of a 1,000m hedge equates to 1ha of EFA in total.

Online mapping

Hedges must be mapped online and the RPA should have pre-populated the information required. But this data will need close checking and an RLE1 form used if any changes are required.

Another useful option is EFA field margins, which are a 1m strip of uncultivated land adjacent to a bank, hedge, fence or road. It differs to a buffer strip in that it does not need to be next to a watercourse.

Farmers who establish an uncultivated strip next to a hedge should be able to claim 5m2 for one side of the hedge and an additional 9m2 for the field margin.

Significantly, the field margin strip can on the same area as the 2m cross-compliance protection zone – although there must be at least 1m of uncultivated land from the hedge edge throughout the year to be eligible.

This means if hedges are particularly wide then it will be necessary to leave an extra metre to ensure the EFA margin extends at least 1m from the hedge’s edge. A 1.2m flail on a small tractor can help ensure this remains the case throughout the calendar year.

“Most farms should find it fairly straightforward to meet their EFA obligations using a balance of hedges field margins and buffers strips, topping up any shortfall with a catch or cover crop,” says Mr Badger.

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